The Pros and Cons of Investing in Cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Litecoin, Ethereum, and other Alt Coins.
Should I Invest in Cryptocurrency?
Investing in cryptocurrency could be a good investment, or it could not. That is true for cryptocurrency in general and likely for you as a person.
With cryptocurrency being young, and the market being historically volatile, there is no yes/no answer pertaining to the wisdom of investing in cryptocurrency. It is with this in mind that we cover a number of pros and cons and friendly (but not professional) advice.
How to invest in cryptocurrency: If you want to invest in cryptocurrency, and not just buy/sell/trade, then you have a few options. Generally new investors can choose between the GBTC trust sold on the stock market, a cryptocurrency IRA (we don’t want to recommend one until we have reviewed them), or an exchange-broker-wallet hybrid like Coinbase/GDAX (which allows customers to buy/sell actual cryptocurrency). Each option has its pros and cons, but notably only an exchange-broker like Coinbase/GDAX allows one to trade and invest directly in cryptocurrency. Learn more about how to invest in cryptocurrency.
General advice: With the above said, please note that we don’t offer professional legal, investing, or tax advice on this site. With that in mind, the best advice is to be prepared to lose every penny you invest in cryptocurrency, it probably won’t happen, but it could, and you need to go into the cryptocurrency with some stored up resilience. If, with that warning, you want to ease into cryptocurrency investing. Consider taking no more than 1% of your investable funds, and then get a toe wet with GBTC or coinbase. Keep it simple to start, and then consider easing in to other options like online cryptocurrency exchanges or even cryptocurrency mining. Also, consider dollar cost averaging (taking your funds for the year and buying weekly or monthly on lows). This will help you buy the average price of an otherwise volatile market. Sure, you can jump right in, but if you time the market wrong, you could be in for an unnecessarily tense roller coaster ride.
TIP: The least risky coins are generally the coins that have been around the longest and have the highest market cap (and highest volume). See a list of cryptocurrencies. Essentially anything other than Bitcoin, Litecoin, or Ethereum is more risky than those three, and of those Bitcoin is clearly the current top coin in terms of longevity, market cap, and volume (… and it is notably also the most expensive).
The Pros and Cons of Investing in Cryptocurrency
There are a number of pros and cons to consider in terms of investing in cryptocurrency. Some of the important pros and cons of cryptocurrency investing can be summarized as:
CON: The cryptocurrency market has been very volatile since its inception. The price of Bitcoin can swing up or down hundreds of dollars in a day, and the price more than quadrupled in 2017. We’ve already seen one bubble and bust back in 2013, and currently in 2017 bitcoin looks like it is in a classical bubble. In fact, our header image is a reference to the psychology of bubbles, specifically it is a reference of “the Minsky cycle” (to give you an idea of how likely it is that we are in bubble territory). That said, there are way more factors to consider here (or the answer to investing in cryptocurrency would have just been a simple “no.”)
PRO: There is a giant upside to investing in cryptocurrency. That is, the cryptocurrency market is still young and the many optimistic of investors are projecting future prices that would make buying any of the major cryptocurrencies (even at the height of 2017) a good bet. If Bitcoin goes to $6k, $7k, $15k, or say $600K+ like some notable investors suggest, $4.2K (about what it trades here in the second week of September 2017) is going to end up looking like a great price, regardless of what happens in the in-term.
CON: Even if cryptocurrency is a good long term bet, we don’t know if Bitcoin (or any of the top coins) will be the one that sticks around. This is even more true for the countless less popular coins with smaller market caps. Thus, there is risk in betting on a given coin (even if cryptocurrency is here to stay and the best prices are ahead).
PRO: Even if cryptocurrency is in a bubble, the trend could very well be toward cryptocurrency being an important form of exchange in the future. If the current price is lower than the highest price we will ever see. That makes it a good long term bet. Meanwhile, for day traders, cryptocurrency is a very risky (but potentially rewarding bet).
CON: Those with low risk tolerance have an added risk, that is getting weak knees and pulling out at a loss while the market is correcting or slumping. If you bought Microsoft at the height of the .com bubble, it seemed like the end of the world… unless you waited 17 years. 17 years later you realized your profit (and a nice profit at that). Microsoft was never a bad bet, it only looked like one after the bubble pop to those who bought at the height of the bubble. In other words, if Bitcoin is like the Microsoft of cryptocurrency, then an investor needs to be prepared to take a loss or sit on a loss for a while if the market goes down (if this is a major bubble). That all takes a certain type of mentality and expendable funds. In other words, there are psychological factors to consider alongside economic ones.
CON: Regulators of major countries like the U.S., Russia, and China can have big impacts on cryptocurrency (they likely can’t crush it, but they can make life difficult for investors). The U.S. shutting down the Silk Road caused a crash in 2013 (popping a bubble that didn’t recover until 2017). In 2017 China began talking about banning ICOs (crowdfunding for new coins) and gave signals of disapproval (bringing the price of a Bitcoin from $5k to $4k in a matter of hours). Currently cryptocurrency trading is legal in the U.S., Russia, and China (although that could change), and the U.S. and Russia have been fairly friendly toward cryptocurrency… but keep in mind governments can influence the price (even when all other signals are good).
PRO: Since the market is volatile, if you time your buys and sells right, you can buy high low and sell high often. That is, there is a ton of money to be made.
CON: The only way to trade cryptocurrency on the stock market is to buy GBTC, which trades at a premium. The simplest way to by cryptocurrency for a novice aside the stock market is via a company like coinbase, and they charge a premium for that (much lower than GBTC’s, but still notable). Meanwhile, the lowest fees are on the open exchanges of the internet, and where their fees are low… their risk and complexity is higher than GBTC or coinbase. Between premiums and fees and finding a seller, all options for trading have costs that eat into any potential gains. Those can be hard to calculate.
PRO/CON: In the U.S. cryptocurrency is legal, regulated, and when held for investment taxed like investment property… this is good. It means you can keep a tally of your trades, treat them as capital gains, and then get right with the IRS just like with any capital investment. On the other hand, the exact rules are murky and this complicates things. For example, it isn’t 100% clear that the rules of like-kind property exchange apply to cryptocurrency. Assuming they do apply, that means every trade from one cryptocurrency to another is a taxable event for the year. Meanwhile, if they don’t apply, then you don’t pay taxes on cryptocurrency until you take it out of cryptocurrency and convert it to USD (or otherwise spend the coin). This is far from the only tax consideration, thus one should study and consider the tax implications of cryptocurrency before making investments in the cryptocurrency space. That means you may need to hire an accountant, thus that cost must be considered.
PRO/CON: In 2017 we saw a boom of new coins and ICOs. That could be good for the market, but it could also flood the market with low quality coins and result in bad experiences for new investors. It could also draw too much heat from regulators. Cryptocurrency is exciting and legal here in 2017, but too much chaos from an oversaturated market full of crummy products could put a damper on that.
PRO: Cryptocurrency is, despite all its risks, perhaps the most exciting asset of the 21st century. A decentralized digital currency that works on the very interesting and likely here-to-stay blockchain technology. There are a thousand reasons to be excited about cryptocurrency, but also real reason to be conservative in your investment strategy. Don’t dump your whole 401k into cryptocurrency, but don’t be scared to get a toe wet with a small investment you are comfortable losing (to join in the fun and to learn more now, so you have the know-how later).
CON: The attitude of crypto investors seems to change with the wind. A bit of bad news in term of regulations tends to send prices into a tailspin one day, but the same news another day might have no effect. Join a given cryptocurrency group on social media, and you’ll note it goes from hot-to-cold with the weather. The market is somewhat “finicky.”
TIP: If we are in a bubble, and if that bubble pops, then after that cryptocurrency (specifically the major ones still standing) becomes are great bet. The only reason for taking extreme caution is the current potentially high price. If the price goes back down to 2015 levels, then the amount of pros will increase. Likewise, if government favors cryptocurrency over the next year, it will help add more pros to the list. The unknowns and high price and volatile market make it risky, but there is lots to be excited about despite all that (especially from a long-term frame).
- Why You Shouldn’t Invest in Bitcoin – TIME
- Is Bitcoin a Good Investment for Retirement? Bitcoin certainly has lots of potential, but that doesn’t mean you should risk your future to buy it. – Fool